We must start by asking ourselves: What is design? And for this we must understand that the design is around us in pretty much everything. The term design clearly encompasses a wide range of meanings that in most cases refers to the aesthetic appearance of the object, and often you can see this from the artistic approach and because not, from this point of view in mechanical design could also catalog the engineer as an artist.
The word design has its origin in the Latin word will designate that it means “designate, mark” and within the domain of engineering we will define it as “the process of applying the various techniques and scientific principles in order to define a device, a process or a system in sufficient detail to allow its realization”.
Designing is formulating a plan to meet a specific need or solving a problem.
If the plan results in the creation of something physically real, then the product must be functional, safe, reliable, competitive, useful, that can be manufactured and marketed.
Design is an innovative and highly iterative process. It’s also a decision-making process. Sometimes these should be taken with very little information, in others with only the right amount and sometimes with a partially contradictory excess of information.
Sometimes decisions are made tentatively, so it is appropriate to reserve the right to make adjustments as more data is obtained. The important thing is that the engineering designer must feel personally comfortable when exercising decision-making and problem-solving.
Design is an activity of intense communication in which both words and images are used and written and oral forms are used. Engineers must communicate effectively and work with people from many disciplines. These are important skills and an engineer’s success depends on them.
A designer’s personal sources of creativity, ability to communicate, and problem-solving skills are intertwined with technology knowledge and fundamental principles. Engineering tools (such as mathematics, statistics, computing, graphs, and language) combine to produce a plan, which when carried out creates a functional, safe, reliable, competitive and useful product no matter who builds or uses it. Mechanical design is a complex task that requires many skills and is commonly a team work because they are almost always better options if more than one mind is thinking about solving a particular problem, at this point it would be important to emphasize the individual capabilities to be able to relate in the work area of our team and that when detecting that these are not optimally taking the necessary measures (it is a training , a change of staff, etc.) to be able to carry out our task.
“It is necessary to subdivide large relationships into a series of simple tasks as it facilitates project monitoring and progress is more fruitful.”