In general, the design engineer must meet the needs of users (management, customers, consumers, etc.) and is expected to do so in a competent, responsible, ethical and professional manner. A lot of the work in the engineering course and practical experience focuses on competition, but when do you begin to develop responsibility and professionalism in engineering? To get on the road to success, you need to start by setting these characteristics early in your educational program. You should cultivate your professional work ethic and process skills before graduation, so that when you formally start your engineering career you are prepared to face the challenges.
Success in engineering (achievements, promotions, promotions, etc.) may be largely due to competition, but if you fail to communicate your ideas clearly and concisely, your technical quality is often compromised.
You can start developing your communication skills through the preparation of a clear and clear journal/log of your activities, in which you must enter data frequently. (Many companies require their engineers to keep a journal for patent matters and legal responsibilities.) Different journals should be used for each design project (or subject matter). When you start a project or face a problem, at the definition stage, enter data to the journal quite often. This task can be performed by other people, or even yourself. You might ask later why you made certain decisions. If good chronological records are available, it will be easier to explain these decisions in the future. Many engineering students see themselves after graduating as engineers who practice the design, development and analysis of products and processes and consider that the need for good communication skills, whether oral or written, is secondary, which is far from true.
Most practicing engineers spend a good amount of time communicating with others, in drafting proposals and technical reports, and giving presentations and interacting with support staff with or without engineering studies. Now, you have the time to sharpen your communication skills.
When assigned a task to write or make a presentation, whether technical or not, enthusiastically accept it and work on improving your communication skills. It’s a good investment of time to learn these skills now and not at work. When working on a design problem, it is important that you develop a systemic approach.
The following steps should receive special attention, which will help you organize your solution processing technique:
• Understand the problem. Defining the problem is the most significant step in the engineering design process. Read, understand, and carefully fine-tune the statement of the problem.
• Identify known information. From the improved statement of the problem, describe concisely what information is known and relevant.
• Identify unknown information and formulate the solution strategy. Establish what you need to determine, and in what order, for the purpose of reaching a solution to the problem. Sketch the component or system under investigation, that is, identify known and unknown parameters. Build a flowchart of the steps required to reach the final solution. The steps may require the use of free body diagrams; material properties of tables; equations of basic principles, textbooks or manuals that relate known and unknown parameters; graphs plotted in experimental or numerical form; specific computational tools, et cetera.
• Establish all assumptions and all decisions. Typically, real design problems do not have unique, ideal, and closed solutions. Selections, such as choice of materials and heat treatments, require decisions. Analysis requires assumptions related to modeling the actual components or systems.
All assumptions and all decisions must be identified and recorded.
- Analyze the problem. Using your solution strategy along with your decisions and assumptions, run the problem analysis. Refer to the sources of all equations, tables, graphs, software results, etc. Verify the credibility of your results.
- Check the order of magnitude, dimensionality, trends, signals, etc.
- Evaluate the solution. Evaluate each step of the solution, that is, look at how changes in strategy, decisions, assumptions, and execution could modify results, positively or negatively. If possible, incorporate the positive changes into your final solution.
- Present the solution. This is where your communication skills are important. At this point, you are selling yourself and your technical capabilities. If you can’t skillfully explain what you’ve done, some or all of your work is often ununder understood and even not accepted. Meet your audience.
As set above, all design processes are interactive and iterative. Therefore, it may be necessary to repeat some or all of the above steps more than once if you get results that are not satisfactory.
In order to be effective, all professionals must keep up to date in their fields of knowledge. The design engineer can meet this goal in many ways: to participate as an active member of a professional society; attend meetings, conferences and seminars of companies, manufacturers, universities, etc.; take specific courses or graduate programs at universities; regular reading of technical and professional journals; Etc.
An engineer’s education doesn’t end with his graduation.
The professional obligations of the design engineer include the ethical realization of activities. The ethics of the engineer of the National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE), adopted by the NSPE, are then reproduced in June 1954 and still in force today. “The Ethics of the Engineer”.
As an engineer I dedicate my professional knowledge and skills to the advancement and improvement of human well-being. I promise: deliver the best performance; participate only in honest companies; living and working in accordance with the laws of man and the highest standards of professional conduct; put service to utility, honor and reputation of the profession for personal benefit and public well-being to all other considerations. With humility and asking for divine guidance, I make this promise.